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Raspberry Pi 2

$ lscpu
Architecture:          armv7l
Byte Order:            Little Endian
CPU(s):                4
On-line CPU(s) list:   0-3
Thread(s) per core:    1
Core(s) per socket:    4
Socket(s):             1
Model name:            ARMv7 Processor rev 5 (v7l)
CPU max MHz:           900,0000
CPU min MHz:           600,0000

Installation

$ sudo dd bs=4M if=2015-09-24-raspbian-jessie.img of=/dev/sdX

Initial Configuration

  1. Edit /boot/config.txt.
    $ sudo nano /boot/config.txt
    disable_overscan=1
    hdmi_force_hotplug=1
    hdmi_group=2
    hdmi_mode=48
    hdmi_drive=2
    config_hdmi_boost=4
    start_x=0
    gpu_mem=8
    dtparam=spi=off
    dtparam=i2c_arm=off
    max_usb_current=1 # maximum current for usb
  2. Run raspi-config.
    $ sudo raspi-config

    Please select each option that you interested in to config.

    • Expand Filesystem.
    • Change User Password.
    • Boot Options: B1 Console.
    • Internationalisation Options: Change Locale and Change Timezone.
    • Advanced Options: A2 Hostname, A3 Memory Split, A6 SPI, A7 I2C, A8 Serial.

Updating and Upgrading

  1. Update packages index from official repository.
    $ sudo apt-get update
  2. Upgrade installed packages.
    $ apt-get upgrade

Package Management

  1. List installed packages and save it to a file.
    $ dpkg-query --show -f '${Package}\n' > pkgs.list
  2. Edit the file and let the names of packages which you want to remove in it, i.e. graphical environment, applications and friends.
  3. Run 'apt-get autoremove' to remove unneeded packages.
    $ sudo apt-get autoremove
  4. Install some packages.
    $ sudo apt-get install screen vrms

Custom Configuration

  1. Disable triggerhappy.
    $ sudo systemctl disable triggerhappy
  2. Edit /etc/bash.bashrc
    $ sudo nano $HOME/.bashrc
    PS1="\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\W \[\033[01;34m\]\A \[\033[00m\]\`if [ \$? == 0 ]; then echo \:\); else echo '\[\033[0;31m\]:('; fi\`\[\033[00m\] "
  3. Disable password authentication for SSH.
    • Generate authentication key in the machine which you want to login from, and copy the result to the Raspberry.
      $ ssh-keygen
      $ ssh-copy-id user@raspberry
    • Edit sshd_config and restart sshd.
      $ sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
      PasswordAuthentication no
      $ sudo systemctl restart ssh

Debmirror

  • Install debmirror.
    $ sudo apt-get install debmirror
  • Edit debmirror scripts.
    $ nano debmirror-debian
    $ nano debmirror-raspbian
  • Find the Debian and Raspbian archive keyrings on their official repositories respectively.
  • Add Debian and Raspbian archive keyrings.
    $ gpg --keyring debian-archive-keyring.gpg --export|gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring trustedkeys.gpg --import
    $ gpg --keyring raspbian.public.key --export|gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring trustedkeys.gpg --import
  • List the added keys.
    $ gpg --list-keys --with-colons
  • Test the scripts by running them.
  • Add crontab.
    $ nano /etc/cron.d/debmirror or /etc/crontab
  • Restart crontab service.
    $ sudo systemctl restart cron

Storage

# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1 # mkdir /media/dir # mount /dev/sda1 /media/dir/ # nano /etc/fstab

Cron

$ sudo nano /etc/crontab $ sudo service cron restart

Wireless

  1. # cd /etc/network
  2. # cp interfaces interfaces.orig
  3. # nano interfaces
    auto lo eth0
    
    iface lo inet loopback
    iface eth0 inet dhcp
    
    #iface wlan0 inet static
    #      address 192.168.1.4
    #      netmask 255.255.255.0
    #      gateway 192.168.1.24
    #      dns-nameservers 208.67.222.222 208.67.220.220
    #      wpa-ssid SSID
    #      wpa-psk
  4. # wpa_passphrase SSID passphrase » interfaces
  5. # nano interfaces
  6. # service networking restart
  7. wlanup.sh

Lighttpd

  • apt-get install lighttpd php5-cgi
  • $ sudo mv 10-dir-listing.conf ../conf-enabled/
  • $ sudo service lighttpd restart
  • # systemctl restart lighttpd.service
  • $ sudo ln -s /media/dir /var/www/dir
  • <?php phpinfo(); ?>
  • lighty-enable-mod dir-listing
  • lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
  • lighty-enable-mod fastcgi-php
  • lighty-enable-mod mod-rewrite
  • lighty-enable-mod accesslog
  • server.modules = (
            ...
            "mod_rewrite",
            ...
    )
    ...
    $HTTP["host"] == "stwn.duniasemu.org" {
            server.document-root = "/home/user/public_html/"
    }

Managed DNS

  1. Change nameservers in your domain panel
  2. Add hosts in your managed DNS panel, i.e. CNAME
  3. Add CNAME in Pagekite

MariaDB

  • mysql -u root -p
  • create database db
  • grant all on db.* to 'db'@'localhost' identified by 'greatpassword';

PHP

  • opcache/xcache

systemctl

  • systemctl enable/disable [service]
  • systemctl start/stop/restart/status [service].service

Applications

  • aria2
  • screen -S tes
  • screen -r tes
 
doc/raspi2.1447508132.txt.gz · Last modified: 2015/11/14 13:35 by stwn · [Old revisions]
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